2. The Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain by Piccadilly Circus was built in 1893 to commemorate Lord Shaftesbury, who did a lot of philanthropic work. The fountain was once in the centre of Piccadilly Circus, but moved during the Second World War. Although the mountain is bronze, there statue is cast from aluminium, and depicts Eros, the god of love.
3. The City of Westminster was established in 1965. It was made by combining the boroughs of Westminster, St. Marylebone, and Paddington.
Image from en.wikipedia.org
4. In the eighteenth century public execution days were called Paddington Fair Day. If someone was dancing the 'Paddington Frisk', it meant they were being hanged.
Image from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spectacled_bear#mediaviewer/File:Spectacled_Bear_Tennoji_2.jpg
5. When Michael Bond was writing his first Paddington booked, he was going to have the marmalade-loving bear come from Darkest Africa, until he found out that there were no bears in Africa. He changed it to Peru, home of the spectacled bear.
7. Number 23 and 24 Leinster Gardens are not real houses. They are in fact facades built in the 1860s to hide a section of underground railway that was exposed to the surface and the steam that was vented off.
Image from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Tagishsimon
8. Big Ben has a little brother. Little Ben located on Victoria Street and is only twenty feet high.
9. Downing Street is named after Sir George Downing, who build the houses on that road. Number 10 was originally three houses, including a mansion, cottage, and townhouse. The townhouse is what makes up the Number 10 we know today, but it was not always known as Number 10. The numbers used to change frequently, and until 1779, Number 10 was actually Number 5.
10. England's oldest door can be found in Westminster Abbey. It is an oak door in the Chapter House, dating back to 1050 CE.