Perched regally atop a now extinct volcano, sits Edinburgh Castle. The Castle's formation began long before it was built, when volcanic activity formed the rock it resides on around 340 million BC. Edinburgh Castle started out in AD 600 as a fortress named Din Eidyn. Renamed thirty-eight years later by Angles as Edinburgh, this has become the name it is known by today.
The castle known to many travellers was built around 1130 by David the First, and had a history of being taken over and retaken by the Scots and the English over about fifty years. When you step inside the gates of this castle, the history begins to come alive, from its earliest incarnations to the modern day and everything in between, including the 1566 birth of James VI, son of Mary, Queen of Scots. Her legend can be felt within these walls, and all the way down the Royal Mile to Holyrood Palace and beyond into London.
The reverent and silent walls of Edinburgh Castle scream of plots, destruction and murder, as well as betrayal. The history buff will find a journey here unavoidable. The ancient stone buildings that were built and rebuilt tell many a tale of the Scottish monarchy, and it presents itself as a powerful and noble political figure of both Old and New Scotland and its heritage.
Over the years, stolen artefacts from the Castle have been returned, turning Edinburgh Castle into a highly popular tourist attraction, best seen during the day up close, and most haunting at night, when all lit up.