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Britain's National Waterways Museum

Home > Liverpool > Boating | Day Trips | Escape the City | Historic Houses | Museums
by Ian Gill (subscribe)
I'm a Victorian freelance writer & photographer living in the Macedon Ranges north of Melbourne.
Published June 30th 2016
Ellesmere Port
The National Waterways Museum at Ellesmere Port occupies a site on the Shropshire Union Canal and houses a fabulous collection of narrow boats, barges and tugs housed on the Victorian era canal docks.

Great Britain England Chester Canal Canals Boat Boats Inland Waterways History Museum
The National Waterways is a celebration of Britain's historic inland waterways and the boats and people that traded on them. Photo: Ian Gill / Footloose PhotoBank


Canals became popular as a means of transporting goods in England in the mid to late 1700's providing a far cheaper option than the nations very poor road network for getting materials such as coal and iron to ports.

Canals sprang up all over the country and proved a boon to the national economy. Large teams of labourers, known as 'navvies' dug the canals. When they were operational the canals created employment for dockworkers, horsemen, boatmen and lock keepers and brought prosperity to nearby towns and villages.

Great Britain England Chester Canal Canals Boat Boats Inland Waterways History Museum
The Heritage Boatyard has been set up to train young people in the restoration of historic boats using traditional methods. Photo: Ian Gill / Footloose PhotoBank


Ellesmere Port developed in 1795, the result of an extension of the Ellesmere Canal to join up with the mighty Manchester Ship Canal thus providing direct access from the County of Cheshire to the port of Liverpool which was at that time the epicentre of world maritime trade.

England's canals remained a viable transport option well into the 20th century although railways and improved roads created far greater competition from about the mid 1850's. By the end of the First World War however the economic landscape had changed so much and the competition from road & rail become so intense that the canal transport network fell into severe decline.

Great Britain England Chester Canal Canals Boat Boats Inland Waterways History Museum
Over the years all-manner of vessels have passed through Ellesmere Port on the Shropshire Union Canal. Photo: Ian Gill / Footloose PhotoBank


The trade recovered briefly during World War Two but for the most part the system was allowed to fall into disrepair, the last regular commercial canal traffic ended in 1955 and the canal network was eventually abandoned.

As early as 1946 an Inland Waterways Commission had been created, charged with their protection. Recreational use of the canals was becoming more widespread and their use for pleasure boating had become popular by the early 1960's.

Great Britain England Chester Canal Canals Boat Boats Inland Waterways History Museum
Steam engines and hydraulic cranes were among the first restorations to be exhibited in 1982. Photo: Ian Gill / Footloose PhotoBank


In 1971 a group of 5 canal enthusiasts met in a pub in Manchester to discuss how to best preserve the heritage and traditions of the nation's inland waterways. Their meeting led to the formation of the Boat Museum Society and an approach being made to the Borough of Ellesmere Port for the lease of a canal dock.

Work on the site commenced in 1974 and the first building restored was the Toll House.

Steam engines and hydraulic cranes were restored, the first exhibits were set up in the Island Warehouse in 1982 and the historic period houses of Porters Row, workers cottages, warehouses, stables and the blacksmiths forge were renovated.

Great Britain England Chester Canal Canals Boat Boats Inland Waterways History Museum
The Visitor Centre is located right next to an impressive section of canal complete with operating locks. Photo: Ian Gill / Footloose PhotoBank


As the redevelopment of Ellesmere Port continued and word spread the operation of the Museum was taken over by the Waterways Trust in 2000 and the site further enhanced by the addition of a Visitor Centre, café and a number of new exhibitions.

Today the National Waterways Museum is also home to The Heritage Boatyard, a partnership between a number of historic bodies and West Chester College with the aim of restoring the museums boat collection while training young people in traditional boat-building skills to ultimately establish a centre of excellence in the restoration of historic boats.

Great Britain England Chester Canal Canals Boat Boats Inland Waterways History Museum
The colourful paintwork on narrow boats dates back to the 1850's. Some were resplendant in elaborate decorations and individual painters had very distinctive styles. Photo: Ian Gill / Footloose PhotoBank


The various exhibitions together with the many boats on display combine to tell the story of the great engineering feat that created Britain's canal network and that of the families who lived, worked and played on the canals.

This world-class attraction is a fascinating place to spend a day and I guarantee having visited the National Waterways Museum you will never again look at a canal, towpath, lock or narrow boat without having a great appreciation of their history and heritage.

Great Britain England Chester Canal Canals Boat Boats Inland Waterways History Museum
Most narrow boats had decorative rope-work designed to protect their paint schemes. Photo: Ian Gill / Footloose PhotoBank


Getting There …..

Ellesmere Port is in Cheshire, on the M53 between Liverpool and Chester. It's less than an hour by train from Liverpool's Lime Street Station and the National Waterways Museum is just a 15 minute walk from Ellesmere Port Station.

Great Britain England Chester Canal Canals Boat Boats Inland Waterways History Museum
The National Waterways Museum is home to boats of all shapes & sizes and really worth a visit. Photo: Ian Gill / Footloose PhotoBank


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Why? Visit this fabulous museum which preserves the history of Britain's inland waterways spanning the period from the industrial revolution to the present day.
When: Open daily thoughout the summer months from 10 AM to 5 PM and on weekends throughout winter.
Phone: 0151 355 5017
Where: Ellesmere Port
Cost: Adults £6.50, Children 5 to 16 £4.50, Concession & family £5.50 per adult. Children Under 5 years Free.
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